Home » Applications » Targeted Resequencing
Targeted Resequencing

Bringing the power of IFCs to Next Generation Sequencing

Through cost reduction and dramatically increased throughput,  next generation sequencing promises to revolutionize life science research in any field in which advancement depends on a deeper understanding of genomic variation and transcriptome complexity. Despite these advances, the technology faces barriers to widespread adoption, including:  the complexity of sample preparation, sample throughput, and difficulty of use. The Access Array™ System overcomes these challenges by offering solutions for:

  • Target Enrichment
  • Sample Barcoding for Multiplexed Sequencing
  • Sequencing Library Preparation Using Amplicon Tagging
targetresq.png


Target Resequencing

Targeted resequencing studies require the ability to sequence large numbers of samples across specific regions of interest. Targeted resequencing allows researchers to obtain statistically significant data sets for their regions of interest from a large number of samples while avoiding the expense and time required for whole genome sequencing. The challenge of a successful targeted resequencing project is combining the massive throughput of next generation sequencers—which are traditionally optimized for sequencing the entire genome of a single sample at a time—with the experimental needs of sequencing many samples across specific regions. The Access Array System enables a new level of targeted resequencing by combining PCR-based target enrichment capability with amplicon tagging.  Now, users can take full advantage of their next-generation platform and sequence hundreds of samples per run.

The Access Array Integrated Fluidic Circuit (IFC) facilitates parallel amplification of 48 unique samples, in effect preparing 48 sequencing libraries, in just a few hours. Every reaction combines both an amplicon tagging and a barcoding (identification) step that enables all 48 samples to be multiplexed at the sequencing step. This powerful chemistry simplifies the up-front preparation and maximizes the utility of today's targeted genome sequencing and next-generation sequencers.

The Fluidigm Access Array System can be used with any PCR-based sample preparation method and with the reagents and primers of your choice. The system includes Access Array IFCs, two IFC Controller AXs, and the Stand-Alone Thermal Cycler.  These components deliver sample throughput and coverage scalable with laboratory needs.


Target Enrichment of Genomic DNA Regions

Target enrichment refers to the ability to select a specific region of interest prior to sequencing. For example, if you were interested in examining 20 specific genes from a large cohort of individuals it would be both wasteful and prohibitively expensive to sample the entire genome of each individual. Instead, target enrichment strategies allow you to select regions for amplification from each individual and thus only sequence the specific area of interest.

targetEnrichment.jpg
Sample Barcoding for Multiplexed Sequencing

One of the largest challenges facing next-generation sequencing operators today is how to use the massive amounts of throughput enabled by the new crop of sequencing equipment. While all of the systems in use today allow massive amounts of data to be generated on a per-sample basis, they lack a simple and reliable method for running multiple samples per sequencing run. Barcoding samples during the target enrichment process enables the users to pool multiple samples per sequencing run, and deconvolute the sample source during the data analysis step based on the barcode.

SampleBarcoding.jpg
Library Preparation Using Amplicon Tagging

Library preparation for next-generation sequencing is by far the most time and labor consuming part of the entire next-generation sequencing process. While necessary for whole genome sequencing studies, the process can be almost entirely eliminated for resequencing projects by using PCR and amplicon tagging. By incorporating the adaptor sequences into the primer design the amplicon product is ready to go directly into  clonal amplification since it already contains the necessary capture sequences.

LibraryPreparation.jpg

Systems

 

accessarrayproduct.png

Access Array™ System

The first high-throughput targeted resequencing system capable of enriching and barcoding 48 samples per run allowing user to sequencing run.


Chips



fc1cyclerchip.png

48.48 Access Array IFC

Maximize throughput and minimize the cost of your targeted resequencing projects.


Assays



Assay_WebPage.jpg

Access Array Target-Specific Primers

Prevalidated content for the targeted resequencing project of your choice.