Clonal analysis of Salmonella-specific effector T cells reveals serovar-specific and cross-reactive T cell responses
Napolitani, G., Kurupati, P., Teng, K.W.W. et al.
To tackle the complexity of cross-reactive and pathogen-specific T cell responses against related Salmonella serovars, we used mass cytometry, unbiased single-cell cloning, live fluorescence barcoding, and T cell-receptor sequencing to reconstruct the Salmonella-specific repertoire of circulating effector CD4+ T cells, isolated from volunteers challenged with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) or Salmonella Paratyphi A (S. Paratyphi). We describe the expansion of cross-reactive responses against distantly related Salmonella serovars and of clonotypes recognizing immunodominant antigens uniquely expressed by S. Typhi or S. Paratyphi A. In addition, single-amino acid variations in two immunodominant proteins, CdtB and PhoN, lead to the accumulation of T cells that do not cross-react against the different serovars, thus demonstrating how minor sequence variations in a complex microorganism shape the pathogen-specific T cell repertoire. Our results identify immune-dominant, serovar-specific, and cross-reactive T cell antigens, which should aid in the design of T cell-vaccination strategies against Salmonella.
Napolitani, G., Kurupati, P., Teng, K.W.W. et al. "Clonal analysis of Salmonella-specific effector T cells reveals serovar-specific and cross-reactive T cell responses" Nature Immunology (2018): doi: 10.1038/s41590-018-0133-z