Development of a click-chemistry reagent compatible with mass cytometry
Shaklee, J., Srivastava, K., Brown, H. et al.
The recent development of mass cytometry has allowed simultaneous detection of 40 or more unique parameters from individual single cells. While similar to flow cytometry, which is based on detection of fluorophores, one key distinguishing feature of mass cytometry is the detection of atomic masses of lanthanides by mass spectrometry in a mass cytometer. Its superior mass resolution results in lack of signal overlap, thereby allowing multiparametric detection of molecular features in each single cell greater than that of flow cytometry, which is limited to 20 parameters. Unfortunately, most detection in mass cytometry relies on lanthanide-tagged antibodies, which is ideal to detect proteins, but not other types of molecular features. To further expand the repertoire of molecular features that are detectable by mass cytometry, we developed a lanthanide-chelated, azide-containing probe that allows click-chemistry mediated labeling of target molecules. Following incorporation of the thymidine analog 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU) during DNA synthesis in S-phase of the cell cycle, we demonstrate that the probe introduced here, tagged with Terbium-159 (159Tb), reacts via copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition (click-chemistry) with Edu. Thus, detection of 159Tb makes it possible to measure DNA synthesis in single cells using mass cytometry. The approach introduced here shows similar sensitivity (true positive rate) to other methods used to measure DNA synthesis in single cells by mass cytometry and is compatible with the parallel antibody-based detection of other parameters in single cells. Due to its universal nature, the use of click-chemistry in mass cytometry expands the types of molecular targets that can be monitored by mass cytometry.
Shaklee, J., Srivastava, K., Brown, H. et al. "Development of a click-chemistry reagent compatible with mass cytometry" Scientific Reports (2018): 6,657