Eradication of CML stem cells

Carter, B.Z., Andreeff, M.

Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have become the standard of care for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Indeed, patients experience high response rates and long-term survival with continuous TKI treatment. However, TKIs rarely cure CML due to their inability to target CML stem cells. Consequently, CML will soon become the most prevalent leukemia with 100,000 patients in the U.S. alone. Long-term treatment with TKIs is extremely expensive, associated with side effects, and development of resistance in some patients. Resistance can fuel the progression to blast crisis (BC), which is associated with almost complete chemo-resistance and extremely poor treatment outcome.


Carter, B.Z., Andreeff, M. "Eradication of CML stem cells" Oncoscience (2016): 313–5