Pembrolizumab in relapsed and refractory mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome: a multicenter phase II study
Khodadoust, M.S., Rook, A.H., Porcu, P.
Purpose: To assess the efficacy of pembrolizumab in patients with advanced relapsed or refractory mycosis fungoides (MF) or Sézary syndrome (SS).
Patients and methods: CITN-10 is a single-arm, multicenter phase II trial of 24 patients with advanced MF or SS. Patients were treated with pembrolizumab 2 mg/kg every 3 weeks for up to 24 months. The primary end point was overall response rate by consensus global response criteria.
Results: Patients had advanced-stage disease (23 of 24 with stage IIB to IV MF/SS) and were heavily pretreated with a median of four prior systemic therapies. The overall response rate was 38% with two complete responses and seven partial responses. Of the nine responding patients, six had 90% or more improvement in skin disease by modified Severity Weighted Assessment Tool, and eight had ongoing responses at last follow-up. The median duration of response was not reached, with a median response follow-up time of 58 weeks. Immune-related adverse events led to treatment discontinuation in four patients. A transient worsening of erythroderma and pruritus occurred in 53% of patients with SS. This cutaneous flare reaction did not result in treatment discontinuation for any patient. The flare reaction correlated with high PD-1 expression on Sézary cells but did not associate with subsequent clinical responses or lack of response. Treatment responses did not correlate with expression of PD-L1, total mutation burden, or an interferon-γ gene expression signature.
Conclusion: Pembrolizumab demonstrated significant antitumor activity with durable responses and a favorable safety profile in patients with advanced MF/SS.
Khodadoust, M.S., Rook, A.H., Porcu, P. "Pembrolizumab in relapsed and refractory mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome: a multicenter phase II study" Journal of Clinical Oncology (2020): 20–28