Publications

Scalable conjugation and characterization of immunoglobulins with stable mass isotope reporters for single-cell mass cytometry analysis

Hartmann, F.J., Simonds, E.F., Vivanco, N. et al.

The advent of mass cytometry (CyTOF®) has permitted simultaneous detection of more than 40 antibody parameters at the single-cell level, although a limited number of metal-labeled antibodies are commercially available. Here we present optimized and scalable protocols for conjugation of lanthanide as well as bismuth ions to immunoglobulin (Ig) using a maleimide-functionalized chelating polymer and for characterization of the conjugate. The maleimide functional group is reactive with cysteine sulfhydryl groups generated through partial reduction of the Ig Fc region. Incubation of Ig with polymer pre-loaded with lanthanide ions produces metal-labeled Ig without disrupting antigen specificity. Antibody recovery rates can be determined by UV spectrophotometry and frequently exceeds 60%. Each custom-conjugated antibody is validated using positive and negative cellular control populations and is titrated for optimal staining at concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 10 μg/mL. The preparation of metal-labeled antibodies can be completed in 4.5 h, and titration requires an additional 3–5 h.

Citation

Hartmann, F.J., Simonds, E.F., Vivanco, N. et al. "Scalable conjugation and characterization of immunoglobulins with stable mass isotope reporters for single-cell mass cytometry analysis" Mass Cytometry: Methods and Protocols (2019): 55–81