Publications

Cutting edge: characterization of human tissue-resident memory T Cells at different infection sites in patients with tuberculosis

Yamakawa, K., Tajima, G., Keegan, J. W.

CD4+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) are acutely activated by traumatic injury, which suggests that they may react to injury with similar kinetics as memory T cells. Here, we used a mouse burn trauma model to screen for memory-like T cell responses to injury by transferring T cells from sham or burn CD45.1 mice into CD45.2 mice and performing secondary injuries in recipient mice. Among all T cell subsets that were measured, only Tregs expanded in response to secondary injury. The expanded Tregs were a CD44high /CD62Llow subpopulation, markers indicative of memory T cells. CyTOF (cytometry by time-of-flight) mass cytometry was used to demonstrate that injury-expanded Tregs expressed higher levels of CD44, CTLA-4, ICOS, GITR, and Helios than Tregs from noninjured mice. Next, we tested whether a similar population of Tregs might react acutely to burn trauma. We observed that Tregs with a phenotype that matched the injury-expanded Tregs were activated by 6 h after injury. To test if Treg activation by trauma requires functional MHC class II, we measured trauma-induced Treg activation in MHC class II gene deficient (MHCII-/- ) mice or in mice that were given Fab fragment of anti-MHC class II antibody to block TCR activation. Injury-induced Treg activation occurred in normal mice but only partial activation was detected in MHCII-/- mice or in mice that were given Fab anti-MHCII antibody. These findings demonstrate that trauma activates a memory-like Treg subpopulation and that Treg activation by injury is partially dependent on TCR signaling by an MHC class II dependent mechanism.

Keywords: CyTOF; MHC-II; danger; injury; memory; trauma.

Citation

Yamakawa, K., Tajima, G., Keegan, J. W. "Cutting edge: characterization of human tissue-resident memory T Cells at different infection sites in patients with tuberculosis" Journal of Leukocyte Biology (2020): DOI: 10.1002/JLB.4A0520-122R