Publications

Visualization and quantification of high-dimensional cytometry data using Cytofast and the upstream clustering methods FlowSOM and Cytosplore

Beyrend, G., Stam, K., Ossendorp, F. et al.

The complexity of data generated by mass cytometry has necessitated new tools to rapidly visualize analytic outcomes. Clustering methods like Cytosplore or FlowSOM are used for the visualization and identification of cell clusters. For downstream analysis, a newly developed R package, Cytofast, can generate a rapid visualization of results from clustering methods. Cytofast takes into account the phenotypic characterization of cell clusters, calculates the cell cluster abundance, then quantitatively compares groups. This protocol explains the applications of Cytofast to the use of mass cytometry data based on modulation of the immune system in the tumor microenvironment (i.e., the natural killer [NK] cell response) upon tumor challenge followed by immunotherapy (PD-L1 blockade). Demonstration of the usefulness of Cytofast with FlowSOM and Cytosplore is shown. Cytofast rapidly generates visual representations of group-related immune cell clusters and correlations with immune system composition. Differences are observed in the clustering analysis, but separation between groups are visible with both clustering methods. Cytofast visually shows the patterns induced by PD-L1 treatment that include a higher abundance of activated NK cell subsets, expressing a higher intensity of activation markers (i.e., CD54 or CD11c).

Citation

Beyrend, G., Stam, K., Ossendorp, F. et al. "Visualization and quantification of high-dimensional cytometry data using Cytofast and the upstream clustering methods FlowSOM and Cytosplore" Journal of Visual Experiments (2019): DOI: 10.3791/60525